T H U R S D A Y
January 15, 1795
LEGHORN, September 20.
The approacing departure of admiral Hood for the gulph of Spezzia, under pretext of watering on the Genoese coast, gives rise to many confectures and attracts the attention of every body. It was besides remarked, that the admiral had cleared his ship of whatever could be spared, in order to render the maneuvering more easy. We are in general, persuaded, that some great perfidy is preparing.
Our letters from Sardinia mention, that the insurrection excited at Oristano because of the want of victuals, has been momently quelled. Troops and artillery were dispatched to the focus of rebellion; and those whom the agents of the court pointed on, were hung as the leaders of the rebellion.
The same letters announce, that the new viceroy of Sardinia arrived there on the 8th of September in a Spanish ship.
An anecdote transpired here, which throws new light on the policy of the British, and on their avowed designs to render themselves absolute masters of the Meditteranean.
When the viceroy of Sardinia arrived at Leghorn, he addressed himself to the English in order to obtain a vessel which might transport him to Cagliary. The English refused to comply, And the viceroy applied then, and no before to the Spanish.
It must be observed, that the English ships cruised at the same time, continually on the coast of Sardinia, and spied the result of the commotion which without doubt, the British cabinet had fomented in that ___nd, in hopes of finding an opportunity to take advantage of the insurrection.
T___ single stroke of English policy, is more than sufficient to open the eyes of the diminutive courts of Italy, to apprise at last the despute themselves, of the true meaning of that friendship, which the English have so generously promised them, and to acquaint those princely clients with the means the court of St. James's emloys, in order to domineer as the universal tyrant of their dominions.
The same machiavelic plot is extended to Sicily, and already executing in that island. The people of Sicily are little enlightened with respect to their rights and want above all the necessary energy. However, the king of Naples having lately demanded their superfluous plate, and an addition of taxes, received in answer, in the name of the people, that the war of the king of Naples against the French was illegal.
It seems that the English, animated by a well calculated hope of a revolt, have a hand in the commotions which seem to break out in Sicily, and it is confirmed, that the departure of admiral Hood is not foreign to those events.
LONDON, October 14.
Extract of a letter from Turkey, dated October 9.
"Yesterday sailed admiral McBride's squadron, with several armed cutters, for the coast of France."
A report prevailed at the stock exchange this forenoon, that advice had been received in some private letters of the Prussians having entirely defeated the French near Treves. The Amsterdam Gazette, however, takes no notice of any such engagement having taken place.
A letter from Cologne, of October 3, confirms the defeat of general Clairfayt on the 2d instant, and describes that city, in consequence, to be in the greatest consternation, but gives no account or detail of the action.
The letters brought by the Holland mail which arrived on Sunday, likewise contain no detail of the late unfortunate conflicts on the Roer and the Meuse, on the 1st and 2d instant, which made it necessary for general Clairfayt's army to pass the Rhine. We have heart it said, that the Austrians lost 10,000 men those two days, but we think this statement must be much exaggerated, as we know that general Clairfayt had previously determined to pass the Rhine in order to establish his winter quarters out of the reach of the enemy's attack. Although we know that the Austrian posts were defended with much bravery, and that the conflict was extremely bloody, still we do not think that the general would persevere in a contest so ruinous for a country which he meant to abandon.
From general Clairfayt having crossed the Rhine, the whole country westward of that rivers becomes a conquest to France. By the latest accounts, the French were advancing to Bonn; which was previously evacuated by most of the principal inhabitants.
The last letters from Amsterdam state, that the heavy rains which have lately fallen, swell the rivers very much, and that in case of necessity, they can overflow the surrounding country so as to prevent the French from a nearer approach.
We are happy to learn that such measures are pursying in Holland to secure the Dutch navy and stores, as they leave no cause of aprehension that either would fall into the hands of the enemy under any circumstances of invasion
By letter from Warsaw of the 16th ult. there is intelligence of an engagement on the 13th of the same month, between the Polish troops under general Dombrowski, and the Prussian corps posted at Kamion, to guard a considerable magazine of flour, oats, salt, and provisions of all kinds. General Dombrowski having divided his troops into three columns, attacked the Prussians with equal skill and bravery. The first column forced the enemy and got possession of Kamion; the second carried a battery; and the third was equally successful in the object of its attack.
The Prussians in this action had 100 men killed and 75 taken prisoners, among the latter of whom were two officers. The whole of the magazines fell into the hands of the Poles. By letter from Warsaw of the 16th ult. there is intelligence of an engagement on the 13th of the same month, between the Polish troops under general Dombrowski, and the Prussian corps posted at Kamion, to guard a considerable magazine of flour, oats, salt, and provisions of all kinds. General Dombrowski having divided his troops into three columns, attacked the Prussians with equal skill and bravery. The first column forced the enemy and got possession of Kamion; the second carried a battery; and the third was equally successful in the object of its attack.
The Prussians in this action had 100 men killed and 75 taken prisoners, among the latter of whom were two officers. The whole of the magazines fell into the hands of the Poles.
Oct. 17. Mr. Dressing yesterday arrived from the duke of York with dispatches to government. He left his royal highness at Nimeg_en on Sunday morning, where the utmost pains were exerting to fortify their situation. No attack had been made on them; but ministers have received the most important news, that the people of Bois-le-Duc had risen and demanded of the governor of the fortress that it should be surrendered to the French, as they would not submit to the horrors of a siege. Accordingly the place was delivered up on Thursday the 9th inst. without firing a shot.
The province of Fritzerland has certainly presented a memorial to the states general calling on them to take into their most serious consideration, the alarming state of the republic, and to occupy themselves forthwith in restoring peace to the country. It concludes with a declaration, that if the states general shall not think it adviseable to make peace for the whole of the United States, they will certainly think it adviseable to treat separately with Prussia.
We can assure our readers that a negotiation has for some time been opened between the French and the king of Prussia at Bade. It is conducted on the part of the French by M. Peregaux, the banker, who is invested with powers to treat for a separate peace with Prussia.
The king, by his agent, offered not merely to conclude a peace, but to acknowledge the republic, on the sole condition that they should abandon the attack upon Holland. This they refused, not from hostility to the Dutch, but because they looked on the reduction of the states general as the ______ and most effectual means of waging war with their only remaining and most implacable enemy, the English.
We have this day given the proceedings of the French c_nv__tion up to the 8th instant. By the papers from which they are taken, it appears that the contest between the moderate and the violent party has been carried on with great vehemence in the Jacobin club, and that every day adds strength to the former and weakens the latter.
Oct. 25. The mail is not arrived but we have received the following letter from a correspondent, the the authenticity of whose commun_______s we have frequently experienced.
"I have to day spoken with a person who left Amsterdam on Friday last, who says that every thing there is in confusion. Thirty _hei__ _______ were seized when about to be distributed among the inhabitants. It was reported that the duke of ____ was on his march to that city; and in that _____ a general inundation would take place, which, ___ the present, would prevent the advance of the enemy, as the late winds and rains were very favourable to such a measure.
"The Dutch peole are so ill disposed to the British army that they will not furnish them with any of the necessaries of life, and this exa_____ed the officers and soldiers so much, that they have ventured to take them by force, which occasioned the late proclamation from the commander in chief.
"The Dutch patriots ______ that they have gained over secrety many of their own ________ but that their infantry would not be seduced. ____ ____ews and ship-carpenters are willing in case __ _____mities to emigrate, and it is said that the _r_____ __ the bank, and other valuables, are to be rem_____ _board the fleet/street.
HALLOWELL (_____) December 9.
A gentleman from Wi_______ ______, that a vessel had arrived there, after a short voyage, from Liverpool (England), which brings the agreeable intelligence, that the French had actually got possession of Amsterdam, the capital of Holland. That nine tenths of the inhabitants were glad to receive them - and that at their approach the gates were opened, and the place given up without resistance.
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